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Civil Engineer Interview Questions


Civil Engineers design and oversee construction on projects such as bridges, dams, tunnels, airports, highways, water supply routes, sewage systems, and other large structures. A Civil Engineer’s work will typically begin with reviewing drawings and specifications for a proposed project. Afterwards, they provide a projected timeline as well as cost estimates for labor, equipment and materials. 

Once a project is approved, Civil Engineers are responsible for submitting local, state and federal permit applications in order to verify that the project complies with regulations. Once work begins on a project, a Civil Engineer oversees construction and provides onsite supervision.


Civil Engineer responsibilities may include:

  • Put together a budget and timeline for proposed projects.
  • Submit permit applications as needed.
  • Design structures essential to infrastructure.
  • Perform research on factors such as pollution, traffic, or weather that may impact infrastructure.
  • Supervise construction.



Civil Engineers are vital in designing safe and effective infrastructure that thousands will count on every single day. In order to provide the best designs possible, a skilled Civil Engineer will:

  • Demonstrate leadership qualities to provide supervision on construction sites.
  • Utilize creative thinking in order to provide efficient city planning.
  • Adhere to strict safety standards.
  • Have an expert knowledge in both the theory and practical application of mechanics.
  • Demonstrate proficiency in Computer Aided Design (CAD) software.


In order to be eligible for entry level jobs, a Civil Engineer must complete a Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering. Additionally, a Professional Engineering license is required, which requires you to pass two exams as well as complete four years of practical application as a junior engineer.

For those who wish to perform in a teaching capacity, most universities will require a Doctorate in Engineering.



  • Do you have any prior experience with Computer Aided Design (CAD) software?

  • What would you do if there was a major problem and it was putting your project behind schedule?

  • What does Rigging mean?

  • If a contractor failed to meet a plan specification, how would you handle the situation?

  • What is the definition of construction aggregate?

  • What is the difference between true stress and engineering stress?